Women and HIV

Women and HIV

(See also:  HIV and Women Who Have Sex with Women; HPV; Pregnancy and HIV; Thrush)


General Resources

Women and HIV.  Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet.  Also available in Spanish.

Women and HIV/AIDS in the United States.  An HIV/AIDS policy fact sheet from the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Special Issues for Women with HIV.  Fact sheet from aidsmeds.com.

Positive?  How are your feeling?  Fact sheet from Project Inform. 

HIV among Women.  A page from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with basic information and links to resources.

Women, HIV and AIDS.  Fact sheet from avert.org website.

Ask the experts about women and HIV. The on-line forum at thebody.com web site has many questions and answers about women and HIV.

Women and HIV: Research and clinical trials. Section on womenshealth.gov web site.

Women and HIV: Related resources.  From the HIV InSite's Knowledge Base online reference book.

Links: Women and HIV/AIDS.  This is a section from the HIV InSite's Knowledge Base online reference book.

Links: Gender.  This is a section from the HIV InSite's Knowledge Base online reference book.

Fact Sheets from the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies

What are U.S. women's HIV prevention needs?  Also available in Spanish.

What are young women's HIV prevention needs? Also available in Spanish.

What are Black women's HIV prevention needs? Also available in Spanish.

What are male-to-female transgender persons’ (MtF) HIV prevention needs? Also available in Spanish.

What are Women who have sex with women's HIV prevention needs?

Is Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission Preventable? Also available in Spanish.


Selected Recent Articles and Fact Sheets

Note:  Since there is a very large number of articles about women and HIV, this section focuses on recent news, primarily in the United States.  See the Pregnancy and HIV page for more information on pregnancy, family planning, and mother-to-child transmission.  For additional articles about women and HIV, you can search the aidsmeds.com and aidsmap.com web sites under the terms "women" or "gender."

Vaginal candidiasis. Fact sheet from Project Inform. Also available in Spanish.

Contraceptive requirement may have compromised FEM-PrEP study. Article dated April 16, 2012 from aidsmap.com.

WHO Recommends Continued Antiretroviral Treatment for HIV+ Women after Delivery. Article dated April 13, 2012 from hivandhepatitis.com.

High Rate of Precancerous Anal Lesions Among HIV-Positive Women. Article dated April 4, 2012 from aidsmeds.com.

Female Condom a Cost-Effective Way to Prevent HIV Infection. Article dated April 3, 2012 from hivandhepatitis.com.

U.S. Black Women Have Higher Rates of HIV Infection and AIDS Death. Article dated March 23, 2012 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Black Women Twice as Likely to Die of AIDS in U.S. Compared to White HIV-Positive Women. Article dated March 13, 2012 from aidsmeds.com.

High prevalence of trauma among HIV-positive women in the US. Article dated February 16, 2012 from aidsmap.com.

Pet Owner Among Social Roles Helpful for Women With HIV. Article dated February 8, 2012 from aidsmeds.com.

Pets and Parenthood Help Women Cope with HIV. Article dated January 31, 2012 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Study: Hep C Doesn't Impair Women s Cognitive Faculties. Article dated December 12, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Hepatitis C doesn't affect cognitive function of women, but some evidence HIV does. Article dated December 8, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

HIV-positive caregivers in the US often feed infants pre-chewed food, a possible mode of HIV transmission. Article dated November 23, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

EACS: Do Women with HIV Experience Earlier Menopause?  Article dated October 14, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Injectable Contraceptive Doubles HIV Risk for Women in Africa. Article dated October 4, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Women's HIV Prevention Trial Halts Oral Tenofovir Arm.  Article dated September 30, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Viread Dropped From Women's HIV PrEP Study; Truvada Evaluation Continues.  Article dated September 29, 2001 from aidsmeds.com.

Tenofovir PrEP arm dropped in women's HIV prevention trial.  Article dated September 29, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

ICAAC: Lopinavir/ritonavir Reduces Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission during Supplemental Breastfeeding. Article dated September 23, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Isentress-Inclusive HIV Regimen Safe, Effective for Women, Blacks in Merck Study. Article dated September 19, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Over half of pregnant UK women with HIV present late for antenatal care. Article dated September 15, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

Should Breastfeeding be an Option for HIV Positive Women in Developed Countries? Article dated August 24, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

New CDC Fact Sheets on HIV among Women and Transgender People. Article dated August 24, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

IAS 2011: Hormonal Contraceptive Use Increases Women’s Risk of Acquiring and Transmitting HIV. Article dated August 5, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

IAS 2011: Norvir-Boosted Reyataz Comparable in HIV-Positive Women Versus Men. Article dated July 25, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Hormonal contraceptive use increases women’s risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV. Article dated July 21, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

HIV Treatment Works in Female Genital Tract. Article dated July 20, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Small study shows women on stable HIV therapy have very low levels of HIV and high drug concentrations in genital fluids. Article dated July 19, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis does work for women, two studies find. Article dated July 19, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

Bacterial vaginosis raises women's risk of transmitting HIV. Article dated July 18, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

Concurrent partnerships in men do not explain HIV incidence in women: number of partners does. Article dated July 16, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

U.N. AIDS Meeting Calls for More Treatment Access, Fewer Child Infections.  Article dated June 17, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Untreated HIV Increases Inflammation in Women.  Article dated May 24, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Women's PrEP Study Halted due to Disappointing Findings.  Article dated April 22, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

'Surprising and Disappointing' Results in a New Truvada PrEP Study for Women.  Article dated April 18, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Study of HIV drug for prevention in women closes, judged unlikely to show effect.  Article dated April 18, 2011 from aidsmap.com. 

Studies in Post-Menopausal Women Reveal Potentially Higher Biological HIV Risk, as Well as Possible Tenofovir Concerns. Article dated March 1, 2011 from The Body Pro website.

Best HIV Treatment Practices Among Women Receiving ADAP. Article dated February 16, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Gender, Race, and Geographic Disparities in HIV/AIDS Outcomes. Article dated January 25, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Social and economic circumstances impact on HIV treatment outcomes in US, Canada, Brazil, Australia. Article dated January 23, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

Prevention Task Force Recommends Wider Bone Screening for Older Women. Article dated January 21, 2011 from hivandhepatitis.com.

Study Says Race, Gender and Geography Predict Poorer Health With HIV. Article dated January 18, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Accelerated ageing of the immune system linked to heart disease risk in women with HIV. Article dated January 17, 2011 from aidsmap.com.

Women Might Have More Favorable Blood Levels of Some HIV Drugs. Article dated January 14, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Quality of Life Improved Most in Women and African Americans After Switching HIV Treatment in the GRACE Study. Article dated January 13, 2011 from aidsmeds.com.

Briefly: HIV-negative women and HIV-positive men. Article from the November/December 2010 issue of Positively Aware.

WHO Updates HIV Treatment Guidelines for Women and Infants. Article dated October 14, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

HPV Screening Cuts Cervical Cancer Risk in HIV-Positive Women. Article dated October 13, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Adherence key to reducing genital HIV levels in women. Article dated October 12, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

New Guidelines Issued on Menstrual Disorders in HIV-Positive Women. Article dated October 11, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

HIV-Positive Women Report More Signs of Premature Aging than Men. Article dated October 8, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Recommendation: Test All HIV-Positive Men 50 and Older and All Post-Menopausal Women for Bone Loss. Article dated October 1, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

News briefs. See section called “Tenofovir Microbicide Reduced Women's HIV Risk” in this article from the Summer/Fall 2010 issue of BETA.

Mass rape and HIV in conflict-affected countries: despite relatively low incidence, researchers stress urgency of interventions for thousands of women in need. Article dated September 30, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

HIV Doesn't Increase Bone Fracture Risk in Women. Article dated September 22, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Darunavir/ritonavir as effective in women as men. Article dated September 22, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

No Major Gender-Based Differences in Responses to HIV Treatment. Article dated September 21, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

HIV/HCV co-infected women more likely to stop HCV therapy. Article dated September 14, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Blood Protein in the Kidneys Predict a Higher Death Risk in HIV-Positive Women. Article dated September 8, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

High genital HIV levels may persist in women who appear to achieve viral suppression with use of ART. Article dated September 6, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Nevirapine toxicity in women predicted by liver function, not CD4 count, developing country study reports. Article dated September 1, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

West Side stories: Black women discuss life, family, and HIV. Article from the July/August 2010 issue of Positively Aware.

Increased Mortality Seen in Women With Kidney Disease Despite HIV Treatment. Article dated July 8, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Kidney disease increases mortality for women with AIDS starting HIV treatment. Article dated July 8, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Women & HIV: A nuanced epidemic. Article from the Summer 2010 issue of Achieve. See pages 16 through 18 of this PDF.

Behaviour change programmes have had little impact on HIV incidence amongst girls and women in poorer countries. Article dated May 19, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Study Finds a Majority Are Still Showing Up Late for HIV Care. Article dated May 4, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Sexual Problems More Common Among HIV-Positive Women. Article dated March 12, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

International AIDS Society launches HIV research agenda for women and children. Article dated March 8, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

UNAIDS launches action framework for women, girls and HIV. Article dated March 3, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

HIV associated with poorer sexual function for women. Article dated March 3, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Smoking is sole risk for lung cancer for women with HIV. Article dated March 3, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Women and HIV: Hormonal Contraception for HIV Positive Women. Article from the Winter/Spring 2010 issue of BETA.

HIV infection increases risk of bone fractures for men, but not for younger women. Article dated February 23, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

HIV Treatment Might Increase Clearance of HPV Infection in Women. Article dated February 10, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Progestogen-only hormonal contraception linked to metabolic problems in HIV-positive women. Article dated January 29, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Lower Bone Mass in HIV-Positive Postmenopausal Women. Article dated January 19, 2010 from aidsmeds.com.

Bone loss following onset of menopause may put HIV-positive women at risk for fractures. Article dated January 18, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Cardiovascular risks common amongst young US women with HIV. Article dated January 11, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Women who start ART in pregnancy do just as well as non-pregnant women. Article dated January 7, 2010 from aidsmap.com.

Clinical Management of the HIV-Infected Woman. Article dated December 11, 2009 from thebodypro.com.

Young HIV-Positive Women Face Higher Heart Disease Risks. Article dated December 2, 2009 from aidsmeds.com. 

Reassurance for HIV-positive women about short-term risk of bone loss.  Article dated November 5, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Highlights from the 2009 International AIDS Society Conference.  See the sections, "GRACE at IAS" and GRACE sub-study."  News brief from the November 2009 issue of Positively Aware.  

Women with HIV co-infected with hepatitis B or C have increased risk of bone problems.  Article dated October 15, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Bone Problems Among Women, But Not Men, With HIV and Hepatitis.  Article dated September 28, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Doubt cast on association between hepatitis co-infection and arterial disease in HIV-positive women.  Article dated August 21, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Flares of genital ulcer disease common in women starting HIV treatment, could temporarily increase infectiousness.  Article dated August 21, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Menopause May Occur Earlier in HIV-Positive Women.  Article dated July 28, 2009 from aidsmeds.com. 

GRACE Shows Similar Treatment Response Rates in Women and Men on Prezista Treatment.  Article dated July 20, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Why Women and Men Have Differences in Disease Progression.  Article dated July 14, 2009 from aidsmeds.com. 

Post-Menopausal Women Do Well on HIV Therapy.  Article dated July 2, 2009 from aidsmeds.com. 

The Feminization of an Epidemic: Women and HIV in the United States.  Article dated July 2009 from Positively Aware.

Protect Yourselves, Ladies: Young or old, black women continue to be at higher risk.  Article dated July 2009 from Positively Aware.

Menopause does not affect response to HIV treatment.  Article dated June 30, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Enzyme related to heart disease no higher in HIV-positive women.  Article dated June 12, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Mortality amongst HIV-positive women in US has plateaued: treatable illness contributing to many deaths.  Article dated June 9, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Quarter of HIV-positive women in US not having annual checks for cervical cancer.  Article dated June 2, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Testosterone treatment has benefits and few risks for women with HIV.  Article dated May 20, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

CROI 2009: Transcript: HIV and Women.  Article dated May 11, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

One in Five HIV-Positive Women Drinks Heavily.  Article dated March 30, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

HIV-positive women with a weak immune system more likely to have baby with growth retardation.  Article dated March 18, 2009 from aidsmap.com.

Being Female Linked to Poorer Survival.  Article dated February 24, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Testosterone Therapy: Good for Women Too.  Article dated February 20, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Quarter of U.S. Positive Women Not Receiving Annual Pap Smears.  Article dated February 19, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Microbicides Make a Comeback.  Article dated February 13, 2009 from aidsmeds.com.

Bacterial vaginosis causes changes in the immune system in the genital tract of women with HIV.  Article dated December 17, 2008 from aidsmap.com.

HIV-Positive Women More Likely to Have Precancerous Anal Lesions.  Article dated December 8, 2008 from aidsmeds.com.

Race, Sex, and Pregnancy: A round-up of news in special populations.  Article dated November 2008 from Positively Aware.

Hormonal Contraceptives and HIV Disease Progression.  Article dated August 29, 2008 from aidsmeds.com.

Will male circumcision protect women, ask advocates?  Article dated August 18, 2008 from aidsmap.com.

Some Gender and Racial Differences with Three Protease Inhibitors.  Article dated August 5, 2008 from aidsmeds.com.

Women with HIV who regularly use crack are three times more likely to die.  Article dated June 25, 2008 from aidsmap.com.

Vaginal conditions may contribute more to HIV epidemic than previously thought.  Article dated June 24, 2008 from aidsmap.com.

Crack Is Wack in Women s HIV Study.  Article dated June 20, 2008 from aidsmeds.com.

Boosting vaginal health could cut HIV risk.  Article dated May 1, 2008 from aidsmap.com. 

HIV affects body shape and lipids in women.  Article dated April 29, 2008 from the aidsmeds.com website.

Immune response in genital tract may explain why some exposed women not infected with HIV.  Article dated April 3, 2008 from aidsmap.com.

Race and gender risk factors for some anti-HIV treatment side-effects.  Article dated March 25, 2008 from aidsmap.com.

Race and Gender Impact HIV Treatment Side Effects.  Article dated March 13, 2008 from aidsmeds.com. 

Prevention and Women, HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative.  Article dated February 13, 2008 from the aidsmeds.com website.

Women & HIV Treatment. Article dated February 29, 2008 from the aidsmeds.com website.

Focus on Gender: Women and HIV.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update.

HIV and Women Around the World.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update.

Depression and Older Women with HIV.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update..

Immigrant Women with HIV.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update.

Older Women and HIV.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update.

Positive Pregnancy.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update.

Current HIV prevention policy: Initiatives that affect women.  Article from the Winter 2008 issue of ACRIA Update.

HIV Prevention Basics

Preventing HIV Transmission.  Fact sheet from AIDSinfo for HIV-infected persons on how to prevent infecting others.  Also available in Spanish.

Stopping the spread of HIV. Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet. Also available in Spanish.

How risky is it?  Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet.  Also available in Spanish.

How is HIV transmitted?:  Sexual transmission of HIV.  Fact sheet from aidsmeds.com.  Also available in Spanish.

How is HIV transmitted?: Specific sexual practices - What are the risks?  Fact sheet from aidsmeds.com.  Also available in Spanish. (See this section: "Prácticas sexuales específicas: ¿Cuáles son los riesgos?")

Reducing the risk of getting HIV from sexual activities.  Fact sheet from the San Franscisco AIDS Foundation.

Safer sex guidelines.  Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet.  Also available in Spanish.

Condoms.  Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet.  Also available in Spanish.

Drug use and HIV. Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet. Also available in Spanish.

Reducing the risk of getting HIV from injection drug use.  Fact sheet from the San Francisco AIDS Foundation.

Harm reduction and HIV. Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet. Also available in Spanish.

Treatment after exposure to HIV. Fact sheet from AIDS InfoNet. Also available in Spanish.


Massachusetts Information

 

All active news articles